World Religions

  History of Islam

   The religion and philosophy of Islam, is based on the belief that God (Allah) transmitted knowledge to Muhammad (c. 570–632) and other prophets (fortune teller; person that can see the future.) (Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus). The followers of Islamic religion, Muslims, believe that this revelation to humanity was written down in the Quran (the sacred text of Islam), which is the flawless word of God. The theology of the Islamic scriptures informs most aspects of Muslim life and culture. The Five Pillars of Islam is expressed in the Quran (Koran), which is a practical doctrine that encourages Muslims to pray 5 times a day, fast during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca, declare 'There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his prophet' and pay money to the poor. 


   Do not turn away a poor man...even if all you can give is half a date. If you love the poor and bring them near you...God will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection.
(Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 1376)

   The Hadith is a collection of sayings and stories which are commonly related back to the life and sayings of prophet, Mohammed. With such a strong foundation in revelation and prophets of God, Islamic philosophy benefited in the eighth century a.d. by the translations of ancient Greek philosophy into Arabic.      

     During the ninth century a.d. a school of translators and intellectuals, known as 'The House of Wisdom' was founded in Baghdad. It was here and largely through the translations of these scholars, that the writings of Plato, Aristotle and the Neoplatonists became known to the Arabs, and subsequently to the western world which led to the Renaissance.

  Islam is a monotheistic (believe in one God/Goddess) faith and the world's second-largest religion.

In Arabic, Islam means "submission" and is described as a Din, meaning "way of life" and/or "religion." Etymologically, it is derived from the same root as, for example, Salam meaning "peace" (also a common salutation). A more precise translation of the word Islam would be the serenity that is created by submission. The word Muslim is also related to the word Islam and means "one who surrenders" or "submits" to God.





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